||On 21 October, Typhoon Teresa hit Philippines (Luzon) with winds up to 150 kph (90 mph), damaging houses and toppling trees and power lines. State of calamity proclaimed in Manila, half of which remained without electricity on 22 October: some areas were also without water. Hardest hit was Polillo island, east of Luzon, with an estimated 90 percent of houses destroyed. So far, seven deaths and thousands of homeless reported, but data from severely hit Pacific coast still incomplete. Damage to crops and property provisionally estimated at $16 million. […] Around Pinatubo volcano, mudflows were triggered by rains, forcing hundreds of families to flee to higher ground.
||Mayon volcano, located 330 km southeast of Manila in Albay Province, erupted twice on 2 February 1993 (at 11.00 hrs and 13.11 hrs). It blasted out clouds of hot ash that mixed with rain to form rivers of scorching mud. The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) indicated that one of these eruptions lasted 30 minutes and that renewed, and more violent activity could be expected. PHIVOLCS has set the danger zone at six kilometres from the foot of the volcano. […] Affected areas are the Albay towns of Ligao, Camalig, Guinobatan and Daraga, Legaspi city as well as barangays at the foot of the volcano. Electricity was knocked out in major parts of Albay province. According to unconfirmed reports, 34 persons were killed and 25 injured. 16,000 fled their homes to seek refuge in churches and schoolhouses in nearby towns. Seventeen evacuation centres have been set-up to help evacuees in Legaspi city and in Albay province. Rescue operations are being conducted by the provincial disaster coordinating council (PDCC) in co-operation with the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), Philippine army and the local governments of the affected areas. Immediate food assistance is being provided by DSWD.
||Heavy rain in Lào Cai northern mountain province on Tuesday night had caused flash flood and landslides in several areas, killing two people, missing four people and washing away many local residents' property in Liên Minh Commune.
||According to BMKG, climate phenomena recorded in Pacific Ocean waters in May and June of 2023 could lead to El Niño in June, which could cause the region to feel warmer. Anomalies in Pacific Ocean temperatures have been growing, with the index reaching 0.8, concerningly close to the threshold of 1, at which point the El Niño status goes from “Weak” to “Moderate”. Currently, Trends show a consistent increase and there is an 80% chance that the El Niño status will escalate.
Moreover, BMKG forecasts indicate a high probability that several Indonesian provinces will see rainfall intensity of around 0-20mm below normal during August and September 2023. BMKG has circulated an early warning of potential drought causing water scarcity, particularly in Java and Bali, and the southern part of Sumatra.
||Floods and landslides triggered by heavy rains since 2 August in the northern mountainous region of Vietnam have resulted in causalities and damage. According to DG ECHO Partners, at least 12 people have died, five have been injured, and three are missing. A total of 30,000 people have been affected and 2,940 people have been displaced and are sheltering in safer locations.
||On the morning of August 5, landslide hit in Gia Nghia City of Vietnam.
||Early August 2023, persistent heavy rain has led to extensive flooding across central and southern regions of Laos. The flooding has damaged numerous farms and houses, affecting thousands of people in these inundated areas. According to information shared by National Disaster Management Committee(NDMC), The Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare(MOLSW) on 5th August 2023, mentioned that eight provinces, including Phongsali, Xaignabouly, Vientiane Capital, Champasax, Savannakhet, Khammouan, Bolikhamxai, and Houaphan, were affected by floods. Approximately 8,300 households (equivalent to around 41,500 individuals) in 305 villages and 24 districts across these provinces were impacted. The immediate needs for food and clean drinking water have become urgent priorities. Notably, provinces hit hardest, including Borikhamxay, Khammuan, and Savannakhet, now require boats for rescue and assistance efforts.
||Flash floods and landslides have killed at least eight people across northern Vietnam, disaster officials said.
After months of prolonged heatwaves and drought, heavy downpours that began at the beginning of August have damaged hundreds of homes and destroyed crops.
Eight people, including at least two children, were killed last week across the northern mountainous provinces of Yen Bai, Lai Chau, Son La and Thai Nguyen, the Hanoi-based disaster control authority said in an online report.
||On 13 July, heavy rainfall with thunderstorms and strong winds affected Hong Thai, Phan Thanh, and Luong In Son Communes (Bình Thuan Province) in south-eastern Vietnam, resulting in casualties and damage.
According to the ASEAN Disaster Information Network (ADINet) one person died and another one have been injured in Thai Hiep Village (Hong Thai Commune). In addition, 43 buildings have been damaged in Hong Thai, Tam Thanhas and in Cho Moi district (An Giang province).
||Heavy rainfall already caused by the passage of DOKSURI resulted in casualties across northern and central Philippines. Heavy flooding and landslides are also reported to have affected the people. The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) reports 180,500 affected people across 21 provinces. Displacement and impact information is still being collected.
||UNDRO/UNDP representative in Hanoi reports serious flash floods in Lai Chau and Muong Lay districts. Most affected is Lau Chau province, a poor region inhabited by ethnic minorities, in northwest Vietnam. Floods started during the night of 27 June due to heavy torrential rains. Information received on 9 July from Vietnamese central committee on typhoons and floods reported losses/damages as follows: deaths/missing : 69, injured : 200, people affected : 10,000 with properties lost/damaged, houses destroyed : 1,000, 4 bridges damaged, 30 cars/trucks seriously damaged, 200 ha cultivated land damaged, power supply, telecommunications and public buildings damaged, 7 irrigation works destroyed, all means of communications destroyed, roads and airport flooded and bridges collapsed, thus totally isolating affected area from sources of relief. Only possibility represented by helicopters, with limited load capacity.
||Heavy rains caused record level flooding of Mekong River in early September, causing heavy damage in Mekong Delta area. Most affected provinces are Dong Thap, An Giang, Long An, Tien Giang, Kien Giang, and Can Tho. Central Committee for Flood and Storm Control reported 172,426 families affected and 84 dead in above six provinces as of 30 September. 14,033 families have been, and additional 34,602 families are expected to be evacuated. 28,463 families are in immediate need for food assistance. 345 houses were destroyed, and 849 schools and 340 dispensaries were submerged. 29 bridges were destroyed, and 32 bridges were submerged. 9.073 hectares of rice fields were completely submerged, and 2,444 hectares of other crops were lost.
||UNDRO/UNDP Resident Representative reports renewed serious flooding in Mekong delta which started end August 1991 and continues. Full extent of loss yet unknown. National Committee on Flood and Storm Control reported 18 September 1991 initial list of damages/losses in the southern provinces of An Giang, Long An, Dong Thap and Kien Giang: Deaths 21, Rice fields flooded 68,000 ha, Rice fields destroyed 32,000 ha, Houses flooded 54,000, Houses collapsed 120, Classrooms flooded 2,000, Relocation of households to higher elevations 11,000. UNDRO/UNDP Representative is in consultation with government and will revert as further details become available. UNDRO has requested Un Disaster Management Team to meet with government, donors, and NGO's as appropriate to facilitate consolidated information on damage and needs and country level response. As yet no request for international assistance received.
||Kyle (9325) started as a tropical depression about 410 km west of Yap Island on 18 November. Drifting west-northwestwards at about 20 km/h, Kyle intensified to a tropical storm on 19 November and swept across the central Philippines on 20 November. In the Philippines, hundreds of people had to flee their homes due to serious flooding brought by Kyle. Eight people were killed and one was reported missing. Kyle became a severe tropical storm after entering the South China Sea on 22 November and attained typhoon strength early the next day when it was about 300 km north-northwest of Nansha. Peak intensity was reached on the afternoon of 23 November when maximum sustained winds and minimum sea-level pressure were estimated to be 140 km/h and 960 hPa respectively. It landed over Vietnam about 380 km northeast of Ho Chi Minh City that evening and soon weakened to a severe tropical storm. Moving further inland, Kyle continued to lose strength and became an area of low pressure on 24 November. In Vietnam, the passage of Kyle caused 71 deaths, 476 injuries. In addition, 59 persons were reported missing. Torrential rain and high winds destroyed 5 600 houses and thousands of hectares of crops. In addition, hundreds of fishing boats were damaged.
||An area of disturbed weather hovered over the western North Pacific to the east of Luzon for several days before developing into a tropical depression about 910 km east-northeast of Manila early on 25 August. It moved northwestwards at about 13 km/h initially and intensified to a tropical storm named Becky in the afternoon. It then turned west-southwestwards towards Luzon. Having reached severe tropical storm intensity about 520 km north-northeast of Manila earlier that day, Becky made landfall over northern Luzon on the afternoon of 26 August.
There were 103 people in the Philippines killed during the passage of Becky. A missionary school dormitory and at least 250 houses were buried by landslides triggered by heavy rain as Becky swept across three villages in northern Luzon. Another landslide occurred near a gold mine.
Becky entered the South China Sea around midnight of 26 August. Its circulation grew in size and it attained typhoon intensity about 350 km south-southeast of Dongsha on 27 August. Thereafter, it moved steadily westwards in an almost straight line at a speed of about 22 km/h. A ragged eye appeared temporarily on satellite photographs that evening. Becky passed about 100 km north of Xisha during the day on 28 August and about 50 km south of Hainan Island the next morning.
In Hainan, about 4000 hectares of rice paddy were damaged and other crops such as sugar cane, rubber and lumber were also ruined. An engineering ship and a 7000-tonne cargo ship, 'Alphard', vanished in the high seas with 13 and 22 crewmen on board respectively.
Becky weakened to a severe tropical storm just before landing over central Vietnam about 250 km northwest of Danang early in the evening on 29 August. It crossed Laos and entered northeastern Thailand where it finally dissipated about 470 km north-northeast of Bangkok on 30 August. In the central provinces of Vietnam, about 6600 houses were destroyed and 8900 others were damaged. Three ships capsized and 237 fishing boats were destroyed or damaged. About 160 000 hectares of rice paddy were ruined. The death toll was 15 and thousands of people were made homeless.
||Turning gradually west-northwestwards at 18 km/h, Chuck made landfall over the southern coast of Hainan on the morning of 28 June. A weather observing station (Yaxian: 59948) recorded a mean sea-level pressure of 964.1 hPa as Chuck passed 40 km to its north-northeast that morning. After traversing the southwestern part of Hainan, Chuck entered Beibu Wan that evening. Still maintaining typhoon intensity, Chuck tracked to the northwest at 13 km/h over Beibu Wan. It made landfall over the northern part of Vietnam about 100 km east-southeast of Hanoi on the evening of 29 June and weakened rapidly over land. It finally dissipated in northern Vietnam on 30 June.
In Hainan one person was killed and 19 others were injured. Houses damaged or destroyed totalled nearly 29 000. About 54 000 hectares of agricultural land were affected and almost 1 400 heads of livestock were killed. About 100 hectares of fresh water fish ponds were affected and 89 fishing boats capsized. Direct economic loss was estimated at 223 million RMB. Records of storm surge were also reported along the coastal areas of Guangxi. An estimated 7 000 hectares of rice paddy and fish ponds were ruined. More than 700 dykes were damaged and one person was killed.
In northern Vietnam where Chuck landed, five people were killed, nine were reported missing and three were injured. Tens of ships capsized and dykes were ruined. In Hanoi, low-lying areas were flooded. About 500 trees were uprooted and 140 houses were damaged.
||Typhoon Frankie, the first major storm to hit Vietnam this year, struck the northern part of the country on 24 July. The most affected provinces are Nam Ha, Thai Binh and Ninh Binh provinces, where heavy rains caused floods, and the wind hit the ports hard, damaging 354 fishing boats. The Central Committee for Flood and Storm Control has provided a consolidated report on the impact of the typhoon as of 28 July. The report states that 41 people have died, 224 are injured and 24 are missing. 22,310 houses collapsed, whilst 194,651 houses were submerged. Approx. 8,000 classrooms were affected by the impact, as well as approx. 2,400 hospital rooms. The committee also reports the loss of 37,755 ha of rice fields, whilst 177,875 ha of rice fields were submerged. Also roads, water resources and electricity equipment have been affected.
||UNDRO/UNDP representative reports that on 17 August 1991, Typhoon Fred struck central Vietnam provinces of Quang-Bin and Ha Tinh. Neighbouring provinces of Than Hor and Nghe affected also. Preliminary information received from national commission on storm and flood control. Damage/losses can be summarized as follows: 5 deaths, 16 injured, 3,331 houses collapsed and 99,630 roofs blown off, more than 40 hospitals, dispensaries and schools, equally affected, dykes, roads, bridges severely damaged and power lines broken, 67,600 ha rice and subsidiary crops flooded, damaged or destroyed, irrigation works seriously affected.
||After changing course, Typhoon Ruth reached northern tip of Luzon Island, some 400 km north of Manila, Sunday 27 October. At 1200 GMT 27 October, its position was 18.0 degrees north and 122.0 degrees east, and typhoon forecast to move westward across Northern Luzon. Maximum winds near centre estimated at 200 km per hour (125 mph). According to preliminary information, landslides closed mountain roads leading to city of Baguio. Power lines downed. Four people reported killed by falling trees/roofs. Authorities alerted population in area around volcano Pinatubo against mudflows