||Since 1st February 2021, Myanmar has been undergoing a political crisis with civil unrest impacting across Myanmar’s regions and states, precipitating a humanitarian crisis with affected populations across many parts of the country. After detaining civilian leaders on 1st February, the Myanmar Military announced the suspension of the new elected parliament, following November 2020 elections. A State of Emergency was declared for one year and a State Administration Council (SAC) formed under military leadership. Following these events, public demonstrations and a Civil Disobedience Movement (CDM) have been ongoing.
||The passage of Tropical Cyclone SURIGAE over the Philippine Sea continues to affect the eastern coast of central and northern Philippines, resulting in four fatalities and 13 injured people, as reported by national authorities on 22 April. More than 235,750 people have been affected across Cagayan Valley, Bicol, Eastern Visayas and Caraga Regions.
||Tropical Cyclone SEROJA formed over the Savu Sea (eastern Indonesia, bordering Timor-Leste) on 4 April, moving south-west towards the Western Australia coast. On 6 April at 0.00 UTC its centre was approx. 130 km south of Sumba Island (East Nusa Tenggara) and 730 km north-west of Derby Town (Western Australia), with maximum sustained winds of 102 km/h. Following its passage, the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management reports 128 fatalities, 72 people missing and 8,424 people displaced in East Nusa Tenggara. The Government of Timor-Leste reports 27 fatalities and 7,000 displaced in Dili.
||On 29 March - 1 April, several flooding and landslide events, triggered by heavy rainfall, occurred mostly in Java, Sumatra, and western Lesser Sunda Islands, resulting in about 75,506 affected people, and at least 50 displaced residents.
||More than 5,000 people have fled to temporary shelters in southern Philippines as tropical storm Dujuan brought heavy rains, submerging dozens of villages, the country’s disaster monitoring agency said on Sunday.
||Through its disaster monitoring portal, InaRisk, Indonesia’ Disaster Monitoring Agency has listed 13 districts (Balangan, Banjar, Barito Kuala, Hulu Sungai Selatan, Hulu Sungai Tengah, Hulu Sungai Utara, Kota Banjarbaru, Kota Banjarmasin, Kotabaru, Tabalong, Tanah Bumbu, Tanah Laut, and Tapin) in South Kalimantan as moderate-risk and high-risk flood areas. Moreover, Indonesia’s Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency has also issued flood warnings for the above-mentioned districts. PMI is closely monitoring the situation and coordinating the response with relevant government agencies. At the district level, PMI volunteers in branches in the affected areas, have been deployed to the sites since the early stage of the disaster.
||Flooding and Landslides Across Indonesia, January 2021.
Indonesia’s Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency predicts the peak of La Nina to occur in December 2020 and January 2021. The peak of La Nina coincides with the peak of rainy season which usually occurs between January and February. The agency also states that this phenomenon could increase precipitation which triggers heavy rainfall across the country. During this period, Indonesia frequently suffers flood and landslides. As of January 14, 2021, several provinces in the country had reported floods and landslides since the beginning of the year.
• Lhokseumawe (Aceh), 4 January 2021
• Langsa (Aceh), 4 January 2021
• Malang (East Java), 10 January 2021
• Sembakung (N. Kalimantan), 10 January 2021
• Bima, (West Nusa Tenggara), 10 January 2021
• Sumedang (West Java), 10 January 2021
• Solok (West Sumatra), 12 January 2021
• Tanah Laut (S. Kalimantan), 12 January 2021
• Banjar (S. Kalimantan), 12 January 2021
• Bandung (West Java), 13 January 2021
||Indonesian Red Cross rescue teams are searching for survivors in the rubble and providing first aid following a devastating earthquake in Sulawesi, Indonesia. Red Cross specialist ambulance crews and first aid teams are treating people injured in the earthquake. Over 630 have been injured, dozens killed and more than 15,000 displaced according to the Indonesian Disaster Mitigation Agency.
||On 3rd January 2021, the Malaysian Meteorological Department (MetMalaysia) has issued a bad weather warning with incessant heavy rain for several areas in Pahang and Johor. The Malaysian Meteorological Department (MetMalaysia) has issued a bad weather warning with incessant heavy rain for several areas in Pahang and Johor today. MetMalaysia in a statement said the rain has been forecast for Pekan and Rompin in Pahang, as well as Mersing in Johor. It said the districts of Raub, Bentong, Temerloh, Maran, Kuantan and Bera in Pahang as well as Segamat and Kluang in Johor, are expected to experience similar weather until tomorrow. Heavy rain is also expected in some areas in Kelantan, Terengganu, Pahang (Cameron Highlands, Lipis and Jerantut) and Johor (Tangkak and Muar) until tomorrow. Meanwhile, floods in Johor have now affected seven districts with the number of evacuees rising to 6,455 people from 1,655 families as of 8am today, compared with 1,780 victims from 500 families last night. Johor state health and environment committee chairman said Mersing and Pontian were the latest flood-affected districts, apart from Kluang, Kota Tinggi, Johor Bahru, Kulai and Batu Pahat. He said 28 more temporary relief centres (PPS) had been opened, bringing the total in the state to 73. Jalan Johor Bahru-Kota Mersing has been closed to all types of vehicles after it was inundated with 0.2m of water.
||On Sunday, 29 November 2020 at 13.00 Central Indonesia Time (Waktu Indonesia Tengah – WITA (GMT+8)), Indonesia’s Centre for Vulcanology and Geological Disaster Mitigation (Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi – PVMBG) raised an alert level from 2 (advisory, waspada) to 3 (watch/alert, siaga) after increasing activity of Ili Lewotolok Volcano (also known as Ile Lewotolo). The volcano is located in the northern part of Lembata island, East Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Timur–NTT) Province. An alert level 3 warrants a danger zone of up to 4 kilometres from the volcano since there is the potential for further eruptions.
From Friday, 27 November 2020 to Thursday, 3 December 2020, Ili Lewotolok Volcano recorded 27 eruptions. PVMBG observed the height of the ash column between 200 – 4,000 meters above the peak of the volcano, and advised people in the vicinity of Ili Lewotolok Volcano to keep a safe distance because the volcano spews volcanic bombs in all directions. Moreover, heavy ash fall was reported in areas close to the volcano. PVMBG further warned the public of the dangers of exposure to volcanic materials, such as eye injuries, suffocation, and respiratory problems.
||Tropical Cyclone VAMCO (Storm No. 13) made landfall on 15 November as a Category 1 storm over Ha Tinh, Quang Binh, Quang Tri and Thua Thien Hue Provinces with wind speeds of up to 100 kph. Between 15 and 16 November, TC VAMCO brought heavy rains, strong winds and storm surge to the province of Thanh Hoa south to Thua Thien Hue, those same areas already bearing the impact of multiple storms and floods that have struck Viet Nam since the beginning of October.
||MOLAVE made landfall on the morning of 28 October between Quang Ngai and Quang Nam provinces (central Vietnam) as a typhoon before dissipating on 29 October.
According to media reports, landslides triggered by heavy rain in Quang Nam Province resulted in 15 fatalities, with 40 missing. More than 374,000 people have been evacuated.
||The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical, and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) said in its 5pm bulletin on Monday 9 November, that VAMCO strengthened from a tropical depression into a tropical storm. It now has maximum sustained winds of 65 kilometers per hour (km/h) and gustiness of up to 80 km/h, from 55 km/h and 70 km/h, respectively. The tropical storm is moving northwest at a much slower 15 km/h.
Tropical Storm VAMCO will move generally northwestward today through tomorrow afternoon. Afterwards, it is forecast to turn westward and head towards the Bicol Region-Quezon area. A landfall over Bicol Region- Quezon area on Thursday is likely at this time. It is likely to reach Severe Tropical Storm category within 24 hours and may reach Typhoon category on Wednesday.
||On the evening of 27 October, a tropical depression developed over the Western Pacific Ocean, Northwest of Guam. Once inside the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) it will be given local name “Rolly” (GONI). As per the Philippines Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) bulletin at 11.00 am today (29 Oct), GONI had intensified into a severe tropical storm while moving westward, with a maximum sustained winds of 95 km/h near the center and gustiness of up to 115 km/h. It is forecast to enter the eastern boundary of the PAR this afternoon or evening. It is forecast to move generally westward by Saturday evening, then west-northwestward by Sunday as it moves towards Quezon - Aurora area before making landfall on Sunday morning, November 1. It is forecast to reach typhoon category within 24 hours and will continue to intensify while moving over the Philippine Sea. As it moves towards eastern sections of Central Luzon (Region III) and Southern Luzon (Region IVa, Region V), it may bring heavy rains over those areas starting this Friday.
||The lower Mekong region (Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Viet Nam) has been experiencing prolonged heavy rain since 6 October 2020. This is due to the combination of numerous weather systems – the Inter Tropical Convergence Zone combining with cold air as well as tropical storms Linfa and Nangka as well as tropical depression INVEST 94W. The three wind systems made landfall in Viet Nam but brought along heavy rain to the rest of the lower Mekong region. Tropical storm Linfa made landfall on 11 October, tropical storm Nangka made landfall on 14 October whilst tropical depression INVEST 94W made landfall on 16 October.
The rainfall brought by the wind systems exacerbated the flooding in Lao PDR and resulted in widespread flooding and landslides in southern Lao PDR. As of 20 October, 9 districts in 3 provinces were affected by the floods. The affected provinces are Salawan, Savannakhet and Sekong.
||Since 1 October, Cambodia has experienced heavy rainfall across much of the country. As of 16 October, about 77,020 households in 11 provinces, including Phnom Penh, are reported to have been affected by flash floods. The worst affected are Battambang (38,890 households affected, 1,331 displaced), Pursat (18,365 households affected, 1,891 displaced) and Banteay Meanchey (8,538 households affected, 1,473 displaced).
||Vietnam has witnessed torrential rain due to a tropical depression combined with the cold air movement over the past few days in seven central provinces from Ha Tinh to Quang Ngai have witnessed torrential rain due to a tropical depression combined with the cold air movement. Constant heavy rain has caused water levels in rivers to rise rapidly. Consequently, large-scale flood appeared in the provinces from Ha Tinh to Quang Ngai province, with major floods concentrated in places from Quang Binh to Quang Nam province. Flood on medium and small rivers in Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Thua Thien Hue provinces all reached alert level 2 or 3 and even above level 3. Particularly, historical flood has happened on Hieu River (Quang Tri province) and Bo river (Thua Thien Hue province).
||On 18-21 September, several landslides triggered by flash floods occurred in the mountainous districts of Quang Nam Province (central Vietnam). Damage was reported to houses, at least 10 schools, several main roads and bridges, leaving many communities isolated. The power infrastructure and water network were damaged as well, affecting many families living in the area. Over the next 24 hours, rain and thunderstorms are expected of Quang Nam Province.
||A 6.6-magnitude earthquake struck the province of Masbate in the Bicol Region at 8.03 a.m. local time on 18 August. Tectonic in origin, the tremor was felt in the entire Bicol region and in several provinces in the Visayas. The epicenter was located five kilometers southwest of Cataingan town at a depth of 21 kilometres (revised from initial 1 kilometre) and was followed by over 50 shallower aftershocks with a maximum of 4.2-magnitude. Initial government reports indicate one fatality and 25 injured, though numbers are still expected to increase.
||A flash flood washed away 29 houses and damaged 64 houses in South Bolaang Mongondow district, North Sulawesi province on Saturday, 1 August 2020. Prior to the flash flood, communities were already dealing with floods due to continuous heavy rain since 26 July. The flash flood was triggered by heavy rainfall that lasted from 18.45 to 19.05 on 31 July causing several rivers in the area, such as Bolangaso, Toluaya, Salongo, Nunuka, Mongolidia and Milangodaadan, to overflow.