||On 12 January 2020, the Department of Science and Technology' Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (DOST- PHIVOLCS) raised an Alert Level 4 after increasing activity of Taal Volcano, which is located on the island of Luzon in Batangas, CALABARZON (Region IV-A). An Alert Level 4 means that a hazardous explosive eruption is possible within hours to days; and warrants a ?Danger Zone? of up to 14 kilometres from the Main Crater. Taal Volcano is amongst the most active volcanoes in the Philippines, with more than 30 reported eruptions. According to DOST- PHIVOLCS, eruptive activity at Taal Volcano Main Crater has intensified, with continuous eruptions generating a 10 - 15 kilometres of steam laden cloud of super-heated ash, with frequent volcanic lightning that has rained wet ashfall as far as Quezon City, some 100km away.
Volcanic tremors have been reported, with volcanic earthquakes measuring magnitude 2.5 and 3.9 felt at Intensity III (Weak) in Batangas province. As of 19:00 on 12 January 2020, power supplies in areas of Batangas in the vicinity of Taal Volcano have been disrupted, and roads are impassable. Taal Volcano is situated on Volcano Island, an island near the middle Taal Island, and is listed as a ?Permanent Danger Zone?, with permanent settlement on the island not recommended.
||Multiple provinces (North Sumatera, West Java, Bengkulu and Jakarta) in Indonesia has been experiencing flooding starting from 28 December 2019. The floods are affecting the provinces at different scales. The total numbers of people affected have not been confirmed as assessments are ongoing.
Due to heavy and intense rainfall in the area, flash flooding occurred and affected four villages (Pematang, Hatapang, Batu Tunggal and Merbau Selatan) in Labuhanbatu Utara districts, Nort Sumatera. Approximately 229 households (857 people) have been affected by the flash floods.
Due to heavy rainfall on 31 December 2019 in West Java Province, a river embankment collapsed in Cimareme village, Ngamprah sub-district, West Java district. According to the Indonesian Disaster Management Agency Provincial Level / Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Daerah (BPBD), approximately 131 households and 15 houses have been affected by the floods.
Heavy and persistent rainfall on 31 December 2019 in Talang Saling, Talang Datuk, Talang Tinggi and Lunjuk sub-districts at Bengkulu province has caused flooding in the areas. Approximately 138 houses located
in the five sub-districts have been affected by floods.
Heavy and persistent rainfall on 31 December 2019 in Jakarta,Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi caused flooding in the areas with Bekasi being the worst affected area.
||Heavy rain in west Sumatra and central Sulawesi have caused floods, resulting in fatalities and damage. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), 2 people died, 60 families have been displaced, 707 people affected and 57 houses damaged following flash floods in Sigi Regency (Central Sulawesi Province). 5,000 people have been displaced and 1,000 homes flooded in South Solok Regency (West Sumatra). More heavy rain is forecast across the affected provinces over the next 24 hours.
||According to the Philippines Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) Typhoon Phanfone (known locally as Typhoon Ursula) made landfall at 4:45 PM (local time) on Tuesday, 24 December, in Salcedo, Eastern Samar. PAGASA reports that Phanfone made landfall with maximum winds of 120 kilometers per hour (km/h) and gustiness of up to 150 km/h. PAGASA issued Tropical Cyclone Wind Signal (TCWS) signals as early warning. PAGASA warned that areas under Signal No. 3 will begin to experience destructive typhoon-force winds and "high-risk structures may experience heavy damage." There are concerns that the weather system could cause damage in communities across Visayas, which have already been badly affected by Tropical Storm Kammuri that crossed some of the same areas in November 2019 (MDRPH037) and Tropical Storm Usman (January 2019, MDRPH030).
||Medium humanitarian impact, magnitude 5.4M
||Medium humanitarian impact, magnitude 6.8M tsunami generates 0m
||Heavy rains continue in Malaysia since the seasonal rains began to make its mark in the northern states of the western peninsula from the end of November 2019. Significant heavy rains from 26th of November have caused flooding in four states in Peninsular Malaysia, namely, Johor, Kelantan, Pahang and Terengganu. The floods have temporarily displaced about 15,000 people primarly in Kelantan and Terengganu. The situation following the weekend (30th November) saw water level increasing in several affected districts in this both states.The Pasir Mas district in Kelantan was the worst affected district with almost 2000 families were evacuated to evacuation centers. The district remains to be accessible only to watercrafts. The Malaysian National Security Council (NSC), the National Agency for Disaster Administration and the District Offices in the respective affected areas are coordinating the evacuation activities with the support of the Bomba and JPAM.
||According to the Philippines Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) as of 11:00 on 28 November 2019, Tropical Storm (TS) TISOY is approximately 1,430km east of the Visaya group of islands, moving slowly at around 10kph west northwest. PAGASA reports that Tisoy currently has maximum sustained winds of 120kph near the centre and gustiness of up to 150kph. On entering the Philippine Area of Responsibility between 1 and 2 December 2019 it will be locally named ?KAMMURI?. PAGASA said steady intensification is likely. Longer range models predict it could intensive to a Category 4 typhoon. Tisoy is expected to make landfall over Camarines Sur or Catanduanes provinces. It is possible that the TS will then make multiple landfalls as it traverses across the outlying islands which form Luzon. TS Tisoy will be the Philippines 20th tropical cyclone in 2019.
||Medium humanitarian impact, magnitude 5.9M
||Medium humanitarian impact, magnitude 6.5M tsunami generates 0m
||Medium humanitarian impact, magnitude 6.6M tsunami generates 0m
||According to Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysical Agency (BMKG), the dry season in Indonesia has culminated back in August 2019. About 92% of the country is currently experiencing drought due to El Nino cycle at the end of 2018, resulting in a drier and harsher dry season. BMKG also noted that meteorological (climate) drought in most of Java, Bali and Nusa Tenggara potentially will suffer long to extreme drought. The government predicted to impact the lives of 48,491,666 people in 28 provinces. Nine provinces are severely affected by the drought which are Banten, Central Java, West Java, East Java, Yogyakarta, Bali, West Nusa Tenggara and Sulawesi and Borneo and the Government of Indonesia has declared an emergency drought alert status in seven provinces; Banten, Central Java, West Java, East Java, Yogyakarta, West Nusa Tenggara and East Nusa Tenggara.
||Medium humanitarian impact, magnitude 6.4M tsunami generates 0m
||Heavy rainfall has been affecting Maguindanao Province (Mindanao Island, southern Philippines) since 6 June, resulting in flooding in Datu Salibo and Sultan sa Barongis municipalities. At least 45,000 people have been displaced according to the national authorities.
||A magnitude of 6.5 earthquake struck Maluku Island, Indonesia on Thursday, 26 September 2019, at 08:46 local time. Local Disaster Management Agency of Maluku province (BPBD Maluku Province) noted as per 9 October 2019, the earthquake has displaced nearly 170,900 people. As much as 39 people have been killed and 1,578 injured.
||Continuous flooding has affected several provinces along the Mekong River, resulting in 12 fatalities, according to media reports. More than 87,000 families have been affected and 10,000 have been evacuated across 14 provinces over the past ten days. The most affected provinces are Stung Treng, Kratie, Kampong Cham and Tbong Khmum. Warnings for severe weather are in effect across Cambodia.
||On 19 September 2019, the Department of Health (DOH) confirmed the re-emergence of polio in the Philippines and declared a national polio outbreak. This follows a confirmed Vaccine Derived Poliovirus Type 2 (VPDV2) case in a three-year old child in Lanao de Sur (Mindanao). The re-emergence of the disease comes almost 20 years since the Philippines was declared polio-free in 2000. The last known case of wild poliovirus recorded in the Philippines was in 1993.
Between 1 July and 27 August 2019, four (4) environmental samples tested positive for VPDV 1 from Tondo (Manila), with no genetic linkage found with any known VDPV1 indicating new emergence. Between 13 and 22 August 2019, two (2) environmental samples tested positive for VDPV2 from Tondo (Manila) and Davao City. Both samples were founded to be genetically linked. As a result, VDPV2 was classified as circulating (cVDPV2).
||In Thailand, 19 deaths have been reported, 158,000 are affected and more than 4,300 buildings damaged
||Floods caused by the passage of Tropical Cyclone PODUL and Tropical Depression KAJIKI have resulted in 14 fatalities and 1 missing person across Laos, as of 10 September. The most affected areas are the southern Provinces of Attapeu, Champasak, Khammouan, Saravan, Savannakhet, and Sekong. Over 1 million people are affected (approximately 150,000 families) and 102,000 have been displaced.
||Several provinces in the center, central highlands, and south of Vietnam have been impacted by floods following torrential rain over a number of days. The worst affected provinces are Kien Giang followed by Lam Dong. Other provinces affected include Gia Lai, Dak Lak, Dak Nong, Kon Tum, Dong Nai, Binh Thuan
and Binh Phuoc.
According to a report issued by the National Steering
Committee for Natural Disaster Prevention and Control
(NCDPC), as of 10 August 2019, 10 deaths have been reported while four people injured and over 1,985 people evacuated. In total 12,141 houses are affected by the floods. In addition, households have lost livestock, gardens and other assets.