||More than 5,000 people have fled to temporary shelters in southern Philippines as tropical storm Dujuan brought heavy rains, submerging dozens of villages, the country’s disaster monitoring agency said on Sunday.
||Through its disaster monitoring portal, InaRisk, Indonesia’ Disaster Monitoring Agency has listed 13 districts (Balangan, Banjar, Barito Kuala, Hulu Sungai Selatan, Hulu Sungai Tengah, Hulu Sungai Utara, Kota Banjarbaru, Kota Banjarmasin, Kotabaru, Tabalong, Tanah Bumbu, Tanah Laut, and Tapin) in South Kalimantan as moderate-risk and high-risk flood areas. Moreover, Indonesia’s Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency has also issued flood warnings for the above-mentioned districts. PMI is closely monitoring the situation and coordinating the response with relevant government agencies. At the district level, PMI volunteers in branches in the affected areas, have been deployed to the sites since the early stage of the disaster.
||Flooding and Landslides Across Indonesia, January 2021.
Indonesia’s Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency predicts the peak of La Nina to occur in December 2020 and January 2021. The peak of La Nina coincides with the peak of rainy season which usually occurs between January and February. The agency also states that this phenomenon could increase precipitation which triggers heavy rainfall across the country. During this period, Indonesia frequently suffers flood and landslides. As of January 14, 2021, several provinces in the country had reported floods and landslides since the beginning of the year.
• Lhokseumawe (Aceh), 4 January 2021
• Langsa (Aceh), 4 January 2021
• Malang (East Java), 10 January 2021
• Sembakung (N. Kalimantan), 10 January 2021
• Bima, (West Nusa Tenggara), 10 January 2021
• Sumedang (West Java), 10 January 2021
• Solok (West Sumatra), 12 January 2021
• Tanah Laut (S. Kalimantan), 12 January 2021
• Banjar (S. Kalimantan), 12 January 2021
• Bandung (West Java), 13 January 2021
||Indonesian Red Cross rescue teams are searching for survivors in the rubble and providing first aid following a devastating earthquake in Sulawesi, Indonesia. Red Cross specialist ambulance crews and first aid teams are treating people injured in the earthquake. Over 630 have been injured, dozens killed and more than 15,000 displaced according to the Indonesian Disaster Mitigation Agency.
||On 3rd January 2021, the Malaysian Meteorological Department (MetMalaysia) has issued a bad weather warning with incessant heavy rain for several areas in Pahang and Johor. The Malaysian Meteorological Department (MetMalaysia) has issued a bad weather warning with incessant heavy rain for several areas in Pahang and Johor today. MetMalaysia in a statement said the rain has been forecast for Pekan and Rompin in Pahang, as well as Mersing in Johor. It said the districts of Raub, Bentong, Temerloh, Maran, Kuantan and Bera in Pahang as well as Segamat and Kluang in Johor, are expected to experience similar weather until tomorrow. Heavy rain is also expected in some areas in Kelantan, Terengganu, Pahang (Cameron Highlands, Lipis and Jerantut) and Johor (Tangkak and Muar) until tomorrow. Meanwhile, floods in Johor have now affected seven districts with the number of evacuees rising to 6,455 people from 1,655 families as of 8am today, compared with 1,780 victims from 500 families last night. Johor state health and environment committee chairman said Mersing and Pontian were the latest flood-affected districts, apart from Kluang, Kota Tinggi, Johor Bahru, Kulai and Batu Pahat. He said 28 more temporary relief centres (PPS) had been opened, bringing the total in the state to 73. Jalan Johor Bahru-Kota Mersing has been closed to all types of vehicles after it was inundated with 0.2m of water.
||On Sunday, 29 November 2020 at 13.00 Central Indonesia Time (Waktu Indonesia Tengah – WITA (GMT+8)), Indonesia’s Centre for Vulcanology and Geological Disaster Mitigation (Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi – PVMBG) raised an alert level from 2 (advisory, waspada) to 3 (watch/alert, siaga) after increasing activity of Ili Lewotolok Volcano (also known as Ile Lewotolo). The volcano is located in the northern part of Lembata island, East Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Timur–NTT) Province. An alert level 3 warrants a danger zone of up to 4 kilometres from the volcano since there is the potential for further eruptions.
From Friday, 27 November 2020 to Thursday, 3 December 2020, Ili Lewotolok Volcano recorded 27 eruptions. PVMBG observed the height of the ash column between 200 – 4,000 meters above the peak of the volcano, and advised people in the vicinity of Ili Lewotolok Volcano to keep a safe distance because the volcano spews volcanic bombs in all directions. Moreover, heavy ash fall was reported in areas close to the volcano. PVMBG further warned the public of the dangers of exposure to volcanic materials, such as eye injuries, suffocation, and respiratory problems.
||Tropical Cyclone VAMCO (Storm No. 13) made landfall on 15 November as a Category 1 storm over Ha Tinh, Quang Binh, Quang Tri and Thua Thien Hue Provinces with wind speeds of up to 100 kph. Between 15 and 16 November, TC VAMCO brought heavy rains, strong winds and storm surge to the province of Thanh Hoa south to Thua Thien Hue, those same areas already bearing the impact of multiple storms and floods that have struck Viet Nam since the beginning of October.
||MOLAVE made landfall on the morning of 28 October between Quang Ngai and Quang Nam provinces (central Vietnam) as a typhoon before dissipating on 29 October.
According to media reports, landslides triggered by heavy rain in Quang Nam Province resulted in 15 fatalities, with 40 missing. More than 374,000 people have been evacuated.
||The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical, and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) said in its 5pm bulletin on Monday 9 November, that VAMCO strengthened from a tropical depression into a tropical storm. It now has maximum sustained winds of 65 kilometers per hour (km/h) and gustiness of up to 80 km/h, from 55 km/h and 70 km/h, respectively. The tropical storm is moving northwest at a much slower 15 km/h.
Tropical Storm VAMCO will move generally northwestward today through tomorrow afternoon. Afterwards, it is forecast to turn westward and head towards the Bicol Region-Quezon area. A landfall over Bicol Region- Quezon area on Thursday is likely at this time. It is likely to reach Severe Tropical Storm category within 24 hours and may reach Typhoon category on Wednesday.
||On the evening of 27 October, a tropical depression developed over the Western Pacific Ocean, Northwest of Guam. Once inside the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) it will be given local name “Rolly” (GONI). As per the Philippines Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) bulletin at 11.00 am today (29 Oct), GONI had intensified into a severe tropical storm while moving westward, with a maximum sustained winds of 95 km/h near the center and gustiness of up to 115 km/h. It is forecast to enter the eastern boundary of the PAR this afternoon or evening. It is forecast to move generally westward by Saturday evening, then west-northwestward by Sunday as it moves towards Quezon - Aurora area before making landfall on Sunday morning, November 1. It is forecast to reach typhoon category within 24 hours and will continue to intensify while moving over the Philippine Sea. As it moves towards eastern sections of Central Luzon (Region III) and Southern Luzon (Region IVa, Region V), it may bring heavy rains over those areas starting this Friday.
||The lower Mekong region (Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Viet Nam) has been experiencing prolonged heavy rain since 6 October 2020. This is due to the combination of numerous weather systems – the Inter Tropical Convergence Zone combining with cold air as well as tropical storms Linfa and Nangka as well as tropical depression INVEST 94W. The three wind systems made landfall in Viet Nam but brought along heavy rain to the rest of the lower Mekong region. Tropical storm Linfa made landfall on 11 October, tropical storm Nangka made landfall on 14 October whilst tropical depression INVEST 94W made landfall on 16 October.
The rainfall brought by the wind systems exacerbated the flooding in Lao PDR and resulted in widespread flooding and landslides in southern Lao PDR. As of 20 October, 9 districts in 3 provinces were affected by the floods. The affected provinces are Salawan, Savannakhet and Sekong.
||Since 1 October, Cambodia has experienced heavy rainfall across much of the country. As of 16 October, about 77,020 households in 11 provinces, including Phnom Penh, are reported to have been affected by flash floods. The worst affected are Battambang (38,890 households affected, 1,331 displaced), Pursat (18,365 households affected, 1,891 displaced) and Banteay Meanchey (8,538 households affected, 1,473 displaced).
||Vietnam has witnessed torrential rain due to a tropical depression combined with the cold air movement over the past few days in seven central provinces from Ha Tinh to Quang Ngai have witnessed torrential rain due to a tropical depression combined with the cold air movement. Constant heavy rain has caused water levels in rivers to rise rapidly. Consequently, large-scale flood appeared in the provinces from Ha Tinh to Quang Ngai province, with major floods concentrated in places from Quang Binh to Quang Nam province. Flood on medium and small rivers in Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Thua Thien Hue provinces all reached alert level 2 or 3 and even above level 3. Particularly, historical flood has happened on Hieu River (Quang Tri province) and Bo river (Thua Thien Hue province).
||On 18-21 September, several landslides triggered by flash floods occurred in the mountainous districts of Quang Nam Province (central Vietnam). Damage was reported to houses, at least 10 schools, several main roads and bridges, leaving many communities isolated. The power infrastructure and water network were damaged as well, affecting many families living in the area. Over the next 24 hours, rain and thunderstorms are expected of Quang Nam Province.
||A 6.6-magnitude earthquake struck the province of Masbate in the Bicol Region at 8.03 a.m. local time on 18 August. Tectonic in origin, the tremor was felt in the entire Bicol region and in several provinces in the Visayas. The epicenter was located five kilometers southwest of Cataingan town at a depth of 21 kilometres (revised from initial 1 kilometre) and was followed by over 50 shallower aftershocks with a maximum of 4.2-magnitude. Initial government reports indicate one fatality and 25 injured, though numbers are still expected to increase.
||A flash flood washed away 29 houses and damaged 64 houses in South Bolaang Mongondow district, North Sulawesi province on Saturday, 1 August 2020. Prior to the flash flood, communities were already dealing with floods due to continuous heavy rain since 26 July. The flash flood was triggered by heavy rainfall that lasted from 18.45 to 19.05 on 31 July causing several rivers in the area, such as Bolangaso, Toluaya, Salongo, Nunuka, Mongolidia and Milangodaadan, to overflow.
||Due to heavy rain and the raising of Ayeyarwady river, villages in rural area of Amarapura are common every year. In July 2020, the Ayeyarwady River water level had been rising especially in Amarapuya township, where a broken dyke nearby Sagaing-Mandalay Highway on evening of 19th July caused a sudden rise of water level in downstream located nearby township and villages. About 200 household were immediately evacuated in downstream areas by MRCS branch RCVs, in coordination with GAD and local authorities.
||Melawi, Ketapang and Sintang, West Kalimantan:
Heavy rainfall along with strong winds have caused flooding in several districts in West Kalimantan province commencing on Wednesday, 8 July 2020. By 16 July water levels had receded in two districts, Kapuas Hulu and Sanggau but three districts, including Melawi, Sintang and Ketapang, were still inundated, with water levels ranging from 200 - 700 cm. The flooding in Melawi district is due to the overflowing of Melawi and Pinoh rivers which have submerged residential areas in 9 sub-districts. Approximately 16,971 HH (65,531 People) have been affected, and 6 houses have been severely damaged. The worst flood impacts have been felt in Sayan, Tanah Pinoh, and Sokan sub-districts.
North Luwu and Wajo districts, South Sulawesi:
High intensity rainfall, starting in North Luwu District on 13 Jul 2020, has prompted the overflowing of three rivers, Masamba, Rongkang, and Radda causing flooding in the sub-districts of Masamba, Sabbang, Baebunta, South Baebunta, Malangke, and West Malangke. Badan Meteorologi Klimatologi dan Geofisika (BMKG; The Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency) forecasted potential heavy rainfall in the region between 13-19 July 2020, especially in Masamba area, North Luwu and has warned for more flooding. This warning of potential heavy rainfall event could worsen the situation and disrupt ongoing evacuation, and search and rescue operations.
||A large-scale movement of people from Sabah, Malaysia to the Philippines commenced on 30 June 2020. Some 5,300 Filipinos are expected to return in groups of up to 400 people in 15-day intervals. Zamboanga City, where a PRC Chapter is also present, serves as processing area for the Returning Filipinos from Sabah. Returnees are being COVID-19 tested in Malaysia pre-departure and go into quarantine upon their arrival in the Philippines, either in Zamboanga City or in their home provinces. PRC staff and volunteers from the local chapters have access to the returnees in the quarantine facilities and are undertaking assessments. Returnees have been in detention in Sabah for 6 to 12 months pre-return.
A total of 395 people arrived in the first group of returns of which 306 are from Tawi-Tawi, 35 from Sulu, 13 from Basilan, 12 from Zamboanga City, eight from Zamboanga del Norte, five from Zamboanga del Sur, four from Zamboanga Sibugay, and 12 others are from other cities and provinces while two each from General Santos City and La Union and one each from Cebu, Negros Occidental, Davao City, Bukidnon, Lanao del Sur, Bohol, Cavite and Siquijor. The first group of returnees is comprised of men, women and children and while some are in family groups, many have returned as individuals. Disaggregated data is still being collected.
||A huge pile of muddy waste collapsed into an open pit at a jade mine in Hpakant area of Kachin state-Myanmar on 2 July 2020. The collapse was triggered by several days of rain that saturated the ground which caused the mudslide.